Selected books, journal articles and reports related to the Red Summer

Ackerman, Kenneth D. Young J. Edgar: Hoover, the Red Scare, and the Assault on Civil Liberties (NY: Carroll & Graf, 2007), 60-2

Chicago Commission on Race Relations. The Negro in Chicago: a study of race relations and a race riot. Chicago, Ill., [1923].

Cortner, Richard C. A mob intent on death: the NAACP and the Arkansas Riot cases. Wesleyan University Press, 1988.

Durham Jr, Kenneth R. “The Longview Race Riot of 1919.” East Texas Historical Journal 18.2 (1980): 6.

Ellis, Mark. “J. Edgar Hoover and the “Red Summer” of 1919.” Journal of American Studies 28.01 (1994): 39-59.

Foley, Barbara. Spectres of 1919: Class and Nation in the Making of the New Negro. University of Illinois Press, 2003.

Jenkinson, Jacqueline. Black 1919 : Riots, Resistance and Racism in Imperial Britain. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2009. Print.

Matthew Lakin, “‘A Dark Night’: The Knoxville Race Riot of 1919,” Journal of East Tennessee History, 72 (2000), pp. 1-29.

Lawson, Michael L. “Omaha, A City in Ferment: Summer of 1919.” Nebraska History 58.3 (1977): 395-416.

McWhirter, Cameron, Red Summer: The Summer of 1919 and the Awakening of Black   America. New York: St Martin’s Griffin, 2011. Print.

Menard, Orville D. “Tom Dennison, the Omaha Bee, and the 1919 Omaha Race Riot.”  Nebraska History 68.4(1987): 152-165.

Mellis, Delia Cunningham. “The Monsters We Defy”: Washington, D.C. in the Red Summer of 1919. Dissertation, City University of New York, ProQuest, UMI Dissertations Publishing, 2008.

Norwood, Stephen H. “Bogalusa Burning: The War Against Biracial Unionism in the Deep South, 1919.”  The  Journal of Southern History(1997): 591-628.

Sandburg, Carl, and Walter Lippmann. The Chicago Race Riots, July, 1919. Courier Corporation, 2013.

Stockley, Grif. Blood in their Eyes: The Elaine Race Massacres of 1919 (Fayetteville,  Arkansas: University of Arkansas Press, 2001), xiv.

Taylor, Kieran. “” We have just begun”: Black organizing and white response in the Arkansas Delta, 1919.” The  Arkansas Historical Quarterly58.3 (1999): 264.

Tuttle, William M. Race Riot: Chicago in the Summer of 1919. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1996. Print.

Voogd, Jan. Race Riots and Resistance : the Red Summer of 1919. New York: Peter Lang, 2008. Print.

Wilkins, Roy. Anatomy of Four Race Riots: Racial Conflict in Knoxville, Elaine (Arkansas), Tulsa, and Chicago, 1919-1921. Univ. Press of Mississippi, 2008.                           

Whitaker, Robert On the Laps of Gods: The Red Summer of 1919 and the Struggle forJustice That Remade a Nation